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Break Vs Continue in C#

Break and continue is a very basic concept of any programming language and I think it is supported by almost all popular languages e.g. C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, etc. I know that most of us know about it very well but for fresher guys its little bit confusing. So, I am explaining here so that even fresher can understand and use it easily.

Break (breaks the loop/switch)

Break statement is used to terminate the current loop iteration or terminate the switch statement in which it appears  Read More >>

Variable.ToString() vs. Convert.ToString(variable)

variable.ToString() and Convert.ToString(variable) both are used for converting data into string. But the main difference is that Convert.ToString() handles null, while ToString() doesn't handle null value.

Apart from that both works almost same. Let’s take an example to explain it:
  1. double amount = 10000.0;  
  2. Console.WriteLine(amount.ToString());  
  3. Console.WriteLine(Convert.ToString(amount));   
In this case both method will convert “amount” to string and will return the same value but in case of null value variable.ToString() method will throw exception.

Now take another example:

  1. object myObject = null;  
  2. string myString;  
  3.   
  4. //myString = myObject.ToString();  
  5. // System.NullReferenceException : { "Object reference not set to an instance of an object."}  
  6.   
  7. myString = Convert.ToString(myObject);  
  8. //return empty string

Getting More than 2 Values for an Enum Item

As we know that we can get Enum and it value from an Enum type e.g. I want to create an enum for sorting of article like below:

  1. enum ArticleSortingOptions  
  2. {  
  3.    MostPopularArticle =1,  
  4.    LatestArticles =2,  
  5.    FeaturedArtilces =3,  
  6.    MostLikedArtilces =4,  
  7.    MostCommentedArtilces=5  
  8. }  

And accessing it like

  1. WriteLine(MostPopularArticle.ToString());  
  2. WriteLine((int)MostPopularArticle);  

Output

MostPopularArticle

1

you may be thinking that I am aceesing enum item without enum name. Yes, it is possible in C# 6 & C# 7 that we can acess enum items without enum name for that we have to write enum name in using statement i.e.

  1. using static MultiValuedEnum.ArticleSortingOptions;  

You will never prefer to display the value like “MostPopularArticle” but to be displayed like “Most Popular Article”. As we know that enum will not allow you to write an item with spaces. So we will require 3 types of values

1. Integer value of enum item.

2.   2. Name of enum Item (string Value of enum).

3.   3. Description of Enum (or some other value as per requirement).

We can achieve this by writing and extension method for enum.

  1. public static class ExtendEnum  
  2. {  
  3.    public static string DisplayString<T>(this T enumVal)  
  4.    {  
  5.       FieldInfo fi = enumVal.GetType().GetField(enumVal.ToString());  
  6.       var attrs = fi?.GetCustomAttributes(typeof(DescriptionAttribute), true);  
  7.       if (attrs != null && attrs.Length > 0)  
  8.       {  
  9.          return ((DescriptionAttribute)attrs[0]).Description;  
  10.       }  
  11.       return "No Description found";  
  12.    }  
  13. }  

And access like:

  1. WriteLine(MostPopularArticle.ToString());  
  2. WriteLine((int)MostPopularArticle);  
  3. WriteLine(MostPopularArticle.DisplayString());  

Complete Code:

  1. using System.ComponentModel;  
  2. using System.Reflection;  
  3. using static MultiValuedEnum.ArticleSortingOptions;  
  4. using static System.Console;  
  5.   
  6. namespace MultiValuedEnum  
  7. {  
  8.     enum ArticleSortingOptions  
  9.     {  
  10.         [Description("Most Popular Article")]  
  11.         MostPopularArticle = 1,          
  12.         LatestArticles = 2,  
  13.         FeaturedArtilces = 3,  
  14.         MostLikedArtilces = 4,  
  15.         MostCommentedArtilces = 5  
  16.     }  
  17.     class Program  
  18.     {  
  19.         static void Main(string[] args)  
  20.         {  
  21.             WriteLine(MostPopularArticle.ToString());  
  22.             WriteLine((int)MostPopularArticle);  
  23.             WriteLine(MostPopularArticle.DisplayString());  
  24.         }  
  25.     }  
  26.   
  27.     public static class ExtendEnum  
  28.     {  
  29.         public static string DisplayString<T>(this T enumVal)  
  30.         {  
  31.             FieldInfo fi = enumVal.GetType().GetField(enumVal.ToString());  
  32.             var attrs = fi?.GetCustomAttributes(typeof(DescriptionAttribute), true);  
  33.             if (attrs != null && attrs.Length > 0)  
  34.             {  
  35.                 return ((DescriptionAttribute)attrs[0]).Description;  
  36.             }  
  37.             return "No Description found";  
  38.         }  
  39.     }  
  40. }  

Output

MostPopularArticle

1

Most Popular Article